Croatia: Roma get jobs by phone, but when they see the offer they are rejected

Life in Slavonia is difficult for many but even harder when you are discriminated against on the basis of skin color and origin.

Human rights organizations are making efforts to reduce that trend, but without some major successes.

It is well known that most of the Roma in the Slavonia region are out of work. According to the 2011 census, around 2,000 Roma live in the settlement of Slavonia.

But according to statistics, only 2 percent of them are employed. Most of them are employed as seasonal workers or general workers in Public Enterprises.

Otherwise, as the sources say, the problem is with the nationality.
 The phone calls get affirmative answers for the job, but when they appear immediately that option disappears mostly because of their physical appearance and nationality, and that it is a trend that is often repeated.

The Roma literature from today is enriched with a new scientific study entitled "The Genocide against the Roma in the Second World War".

MA Mirdita Saliu is the first author of such an important study on the genocide of Roma in Macedonia, and its value is of great importance because it is an author from the Roma community that leaves behind important work for the overall history of the Roma people.

The scientific study contains elements that span a certain period, which we can say are not only a continuation of discriminatory policies and practices against Roma in the past, but also the culmination of discrimination, which is genocide in World War II.

During this period the focus was on the extermination of the Roma, who were an obstacle to the development of Nazi society. To overcome the problem of Roma sociality and the danger of the Jews, the Nazis created and ordered the implementation of the plan for the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" (Die Endlösung der Judenfrage), genocide, ie their extermination due to their imagined inferiority.

This area of ​​interest is directly linked to the deprivation of basic human rights, such as the right to life and liberty, whose ultimate goal was the complete extermination of Roma and Jews.

This paper is expected to make a contribution to supplement the history of the Roma, especially in the area of ​​the Holocaust and genocide in World War II, and to bring this issue to a suitable place in the scientific thought of our area.

This scientific paper coincides with the marking of the 75th anniversary of the genocide against the Roma. Recall that on April 15, 2015, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution proclaiming August 2 as a day of remembrance of the victims of the genocide against the Roma in World War II (1940-1945).

Barbara Varnock: "They invented various racist ideas about Roma for genetic reasons of inferiority"

Roma were also discriminated against before the Nazi era. And the situation became worse after Hitler came to power in January 1933. In the mid-1930s, the Nazis banned Roma from working in certain jobs; they were forcibly sterilized in the form of ethnic cleansing and mass internal Nazi camps.

It is estimated that around 500,000 Roma were killed during World War II, but the exact number will never be known because most homicides are nowhere to be found and researchers believe their numbers are much higher.

With little or no record, many families will never know what actually happened to them.

Otherwise Dr. Robert Ritter in charge of the racial hygiene research center at the Reich Health Institute in 1938 started the project with a thorough analysis of the "racial characteristics" of the Roma. Scientists checked their health, took blood and measured their heads.

"They invented various racist ideas about Roma for genetic reasons of inferiority," said Barbara Vrnock, head of the Holocaust Center.


The Persecution of the Roma Is Often Left Out of the Holocaust Story. Victims’ Families Are Fighting to Change That

Kurucz Sándor was around 7 when, in 1938, German soldiers came to his town in what was then Czechoslovakia.

One by one, Sándor’s friends and neighbors, who were members of the Roma ethnic group, were taken away by the Einsatzgruppen, who were Nazi security forces. They were supposedly taken to check their IDs, but they never came back. By the age of 10, Sándor had seen many of his remaining neighbors murdered.

But the boy had musical talent, and the soldiers liked to listen to him play. On stage, hands trembling as he held his violin, he would witness the horrors of the German Reich, seeing Roma women led past his stage to be raped by the Nazis.

Sándor, who died in 2000, was able to survive Nazi persecution because of his music, but hundreds of thousands of Roma were murdered during the Holocaust.

Many more faced persecution, displacement, forced labor, forced medical experimentation and sterilization, violence and imprisonment.


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