Antigypsyism

Camp Auschwitz

The Auschwitz-Birkenau camp was the largest Nazi concentration camp for mass destruction.

It was located in the south of Poland. 50 km west of Krakow and 286 km from Warsaw.

It got its name from the nearby town of Osveta (in German Auschwitz).

After the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Osweta merged with Germany and the name was changed to Auschwitz

The Auschwitz concentration camp deported 1.3 million people from various parts of Europe.

Most of the casualties were killed as they arrived at the Auschwitz II gas chambers using the B gas cyclone.

The others died of systematic starvation, forced labor, shooting and medical experiments. Among the victims were 19,000 Roma who were killed in July 1944.

Camp commander Rudolf Hess told a trial in Nienberg that up to 2.5 million people were killed in Auschwitz.

UNESCO declared this camp in 1979 a World Heritage Site under the name "Auschwitz-Birkenau - German Nazi death camp"

Otherwise the camp was liberated by the 322nd Red Army Division on January 27, 1945. The camp found 348,820 male suits and 836,255 females belonging to the victims,

Auschwitz Liberation Day January 27 is also proclaimed as "International Holocaust Remembrance Day"

Throughout the history of the camps - Camp Sajmiste

Initially the camp was intended for Serb Jews, and later for others such as Roma, Communists, Partisans and Chetniks.

During the occupation about 8,000 Jews and 32,000 others were strangled, shot in the ovary or died in the camp itself. The camp was active from October 1941 to July 1944

The first Jewish camps in Belgrade between December 8 and 13, 1941, were 5,281. With the passing of the Jews from Banjica, Sabac, Nis, Kosovska Mitrovica, Novi Pazar, Raska, refugees from Belgrade and Central Europe, the number of camps between December 8, 1941 and the end of April 1942 reached 7,000, of which 6400 were Jews and 600 Roma.

Otherwise the winter of 1941/1942 was one of the coldest. Between December and March, 5,000 prisoners died of cold, disease and hunger.

Pavilion No. 4 was the kitchen where the food was being prepared. The daily diet consisted of water, weak tea, stale cabbage or potato stew and a little wheat bread.
The execution of prisoners was carried out in the open space between pavilions no. 3 and 4.

The Roma in the camp were brought in December 1941 when a group of about 500 Roma women with children. They were housed in Pavilion No. 2. About 60 of them died during the winter due to cold and illness.

The rest were released in January - March 1942, because through their friends and relatives they managed to obtain documents for permanent residence, that is, they did not belong to Roma nomads, The Last Roma Group was released in April 1942.

Why the Nazis wiped out the Romani middle class ?

Between 1936 and 1945 the Nazis wiped out over 50% of Europe’s Romani people.
Whether they were choked to death in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau, “exterminated through labour” climbing the stairs of death at Mauthausen, or shot in a mass grave dug by their own hands in Romania – the extermination of the Gypsies of Europe was carried out with deadly efficiency.

The result in countries like Croatia, Estonia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, and what is now the Czech Republic, was a kill rate of over 90% of the pre-war Romani population. Many massacres of Roma in the East by the Nazis’ roving death squads, the Einsatzgruppen, went unreported or under-documented, meaning the total loss of Romani life will probably never be fully exposed or accounted for.

Europe’s collective memory of the Romani genocide is short compared to the Holocaust of the Jews. Germany paid war reparations to Jewish survivors but never to Romani, and the racial character of the Romani genocide was denied for decades in favour of the argument that Roma were targeted for being asocials and criminals. West Germany only recognised the genocide of Roma officially in 1982.

 

Any bite of food could kill them: These women because of Hitler had the hardest job

A group of young women in the Third Reich lived on the edge of their daily lives, pursuing a profession that no one loved. They were tasters of Hitler's food, tasting everything that came to the Führer on the table in front of him if any of his ranks or allies wanted to poison him.

They stayed away from the public until 2013, when 95-year-old Margot Wolfe shared her story with a SPIEGEL journalist. Now is a play by director Michel Coloss Brooks about the life of Hitler's tasters.

The focus is on the stories of the lives of the four women who lived in the school next to Hitler's World War II headquarters. The complex was located in Poland.

- The play explores the strange distance from the history of World War II and explores the universal theme of adolescence, but in a very dangerous environment. Although their lives were filled with moments of fear for their lives, with every spoon that came to their mouths, it was, in fact, a very boring job. 

Compared to many other military experiences, life was easy and simple. By 1944, there were many hungry people in Germany, and they were given three meals a day and a rare ingredient because Hitler was a vegetarian, so his diet consisted mainly of rice, pasta and exotic fruits.

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